The Problem of Fetal Research
By Ambassador Alan Keyes
December 10, 1999A reporter was going around with us and apparently had set as a task for himself to find a question where he could report me as saying I don't know, I'll have to check into that. And we were in the car laughing because I said that if he really wanted to find an easy one to stump me all he had to do was ask me what day of the week it is because often I don't know. I'm here to talk to you though, frankly about something that even if you don't know what day of the week it is it's hard to miss what time we are in for this country. And I say that if our eyes are open and our hearts are open and we're actually willing to look at the truth, it's not hard to miss. In other respects it might be though because by the usual external measures, we are in pretty good shape. And every time we turn on the news now we'll find some new report that confirms that our material condition is still pretty good and we're on an even keel and we're controlling inflation and unemployment is still down and it looks like it's going to continue that way for a while. Why is it though that here we sit amidst prosperity, our global situation with our enemies is gone, except for those whose power and might we are preparing for the next century -- it's like we can't do without adversaries so we've got to go build up another one -- but we are in a little hiatus here where that's not a problem. How come it is then that everywhere I go in the country I meet Americans who feel as if there is something deeply wrong in our country?
Now I know that there are those people in our lives who want to pretend that that's just because some of us look on the dark side of things and we don't want to be optimistic and so forth and so on. And then I come in to a situation such as the one we find in Omaha right now and then we realize why it is that we're concerned. There are still many people in our country who understand that whatever may be our material condition, and whatever may be the challenges that we face in the world, if we go back over the story and history of this country, we've been through our ups and downs, we've had good times and bad, we've had enormous challenges, we've had times when it looked like we were teetering on the brink of international destruction. What was it that got us through all those times? What was it that made it possible for there to be people of good heart and sound judgment and courage in the face of adversity, who in spite of economic circumstances, in spite of challenges and violence and the battlefields and the dangers and fears engendered by all those things could still hold firm and move forward and meet their obligations? There are things that money can't buy. There are things that are not the fruit of material success because they get you through the times when that success is not certain and not present to all. And those are the things that at the end of the day many of us come to understand to be more important, more lasting, more permanent, more satisfying, more truthful than the material things. And I think for most human beings that comes about at some point in life, among other things when you reach that point, and I don't know when that was for you but at some point, it can come early to some, later to others, you wake up one morning and you realize that you're not going to be Donald Trump or Bill Gates. That try as you might the 30 or 50 billion dollars sort of eludes you. And if you measure satisfaction in life only in material terms, most of us would go about extremely unhappy. But we don't, we don't because at some point we start to see with different eyes. I myself believe that at some point we start to open our hearts, not with the eyes with which we human beings look at one another but rather to the way in which we must look to that God who in spite of His power and self-sufficiency is nonetheless willing to acknowledge that we exist. Who in spite of having it all, still manages to see something in us, and to have seen something so important that He was even willing to make the greatest sacrifice of His heart for us. When you stop to look at yourself and others with those eyes that's when I think you come to an understanding of what is the real foundation of strength and power and hope and happiness in human life. And it doesn't take a form that can be measured in our gross national product, and it doesn't take a form that can be destroyed even when the unemployment goes up and the war clouds loom, because it is a light that is a proof against the darkness.
I want to talk to you today about the fact that -- well let me just say, there are those people who'll say, "Well that's all well and good," -- they accuse me of being some kind of preacher and they wonder why I'm talking anywhere but in the pulpit. And I've got to tell you, I think it's very shortsighted of us not to understand that the insight which understands the importance of that moral character and life and integrity and sense that we have, it can't just be confined to some little part of our life that we claim is going to be devoted to worshipping God, it can't be. It especially can't be for a people like ourselves because in a way, everything that we hold dear in this nation, as Americans, everything that we think we are that is special and that offers a hope to the future and to humankind, is connected in the end with our moral ideas. That's what I think has given us a special capacity to endure the ups and downs that history throws at us without losing our way because from the very beginning we knew that somehow or other we were marked out, we walked a special path -- but why was it special? It was special because we are a people dedicated to somehow realizing in practice and in life and in the way we conduct our affairs, that understanding of human life and the human condition which looks at each person with the eyes of God and that therefore sees in each and every person a spark of dignity and worth that is not to be discounted and disregarded for the sake of achieving our narrow little human ends and aims.
From the very beginning this principle was articulated for us, starting of course with our great Declaration of Independence. I am glad to say, by the way, though several years ago when I first started talking about some of this I kind of did feel a little lonely in America. I have lots of company now, you notice how many people talk about the Declaration these days? It's a good thing because it's a great and important reminder of where we come from that we must never forget if we want to stay on the right path. Because right there in those words we have the writ, we have the permission from our history to speak the truth without which there can be no justice, no freedom, no hope in human life. And you know what the truth is? It's acknowledged right there when they tell us that the rights that we tout and that we hold dear and the sense of justice that is the foundation for our special way of life, rests on a simple, clear and unequivocal premise: that our rights come from the hand of the Creator God. And that truth, by the permission of our origins and our history is not, in America, confined to this or that pulpit, or to this or that church, or to this or that sectarian element, no, that's a common possession. It's the ground we stand on as a people. And therefore it is part of what we have to do if we're going to understand and acknowledge who we are and what we represent, as Americans, but on behalf, I believe, of all humankind. Our rights come from God.
Now see, that can provide you with a lot of comfort and confidence because it means of course that no matter what may be your material circumstances and condition, no matter what may be your relative position in the world, you can still stand with confidence to lay claim to that dignity which does not depend upon the world, does not depend upon its material standards and conditions and choices and powers but rather comes from a hand more powerful than any human hand, a will more powerful than any human will, an authority beyond the reach of any human authority. I think that our ability to have confidence in that claim and to look to that transcendent power for our dignity and the basis for our demand that every life, no matter how weak, helpless, poor, voiceless must be respected in its dignity and integrity, I think that that's a wonderful thing, it's wonderful that we can make these claims. But it also has another side to it and it's a side we don't really want to think about these days, some of us. Because there's a natural and logical corollary to that notion that our rights come from God, it's very easy to understand. Our rights come from God and therefore, according to our Declaration, all government, all use of power in society and whatever, has to be based on consent and has to respect human rights and choices, or at least the human capacity for choice. Why is that? Well, obviously it's because we respect the source. It would make no difference that our rights come from God if we had no respect for God. Obviously. The Creator, that is, the Author of all things, is invoked in the Declaration as an authority. And it is on the basis of that authority that we claim our rights and dignity. As I often ask people, what happens if we deny the existence of God? Then we deny the authority. What happens if we acknowledge the existence of God but claim that His authority has no relevance to our public life and our institutions? Well, if we reject the authority, then you have no reason to respect the rights that are claimed on the basis of that authority. It's very, very simple. But that means, practically and sensibly that if our rights come from God then we must use those rights in such a way as to respect the authority from which they come. Doesn't that follow? Destroy the authority, you've destroyed your claim to rights. That means you must use the rights in a way that doesn't destroy the authority, that therefore respects the authority of the Creator because it is by virtue of that authority that however weak we may be, however voiceless we may be, however powerless we may seem in the eyes of the world, each and every one of us can still lay claim to our dignity. And that means that that appeal to God is not always something that gives us comfort when we're making claims, it's also something that has to be for us a constraint, a guide, an authority, when we are making choices.
It is in some ways the beauty, I believe, of the understanding of freedom and liberty that our founders gave to us because it was naturally self-limiting. They weren't fools, they knew good and well that you couldn't sustain a society on the basis of an idea of freedom that told people to do what you please, "Do whatever feels good today," that it would lead to dishonor and murder and anarchy and all of the horrible consequences that come from unbridled passion when those who have the strength and the will and the resources are going to pursue their satisfaction at the expense of those who don't at some horrible price. We are saved from that concept of licentious greed by this very understanding of where our liberty comes from, the understanding that says it comes from the Creator and is based on the authority of the Creator, in our use of it, we must acknowledge the limits that are imposed by the Creator's existence and His will. And some of you might say, "Oh, it's a good theological discussion," -- no it's not, that's an exposition of the American idea, that's an exposition of the American principle of justice. Without that principle, we are not a nation, we're just a disparate bunch of folks who happen to have fallen together in the same geographic locale for a little while and who could very well fall apart because we lose sight of those things that bind us, in spite of all our differences, into one people, one nation. And obviously these aren't tangible things -- we look different, some of us talk funny, some of us come from backgrounds of every continent and place on the globe, we have all different kinds of heritages -- I mean, in that respect we are not one nation. And yet it is possible for folks to come from any part of the world, as my spouse did, she's originally from India, you come, you stay awhile here and then you stand before a judge and show your knowledge of our heritage and you swear allegiance to our principles and you're an American, just like that – you're "naturalized." I've always thought that it was kind of presumptuous of us to use a word like that, don't you? Like we are the masters of nature and we can suddenly do what nature did not, we'll make you an American. But the truth of the matter is, once that whole process is finished, you are an American! As real and true as anybody else! How can this be? Well it wouldn't be if in order to be American there had to be some claim by birth or biology or something else that ties you to the place and the people in the way of ethnic ties and racial ties -- you don't need those things. What makes us a nation is that acknowledgement of our common moral principles and beliefs because we stand on the common ground of our creed and are associated with one another by the indissolvable bonds of that allegiance to truth, of that allegiance to an idea of justice which respects the dignity of worth of every human being.
Now, I've gone through this kind of long preface because I don't think you can understand the significance of the issues that we confront today, deriving from all of these various ways in which the regime of abortion and the culture of death are working themselves out in our lives, we can't understand any of these things, in their true implications, if we don't continually remind ourselves of what I've just said. And therefore of the relationship between our moral principles and our national identity, between what we believe to be just and who we are as a people. Once we understand that connection we realize that whatever their specious arguments that are used to justify the abandonment of those moral principles, whatever it is they're "offering" us in exchange, what we're giving up is far more precious and important than anything they can offer us.
Now, the offer comes in many forms. One of the major forms which has been involved in this whole abortion thing is an offer to let people do whatever they want in terms of sexual activity, without having to deal with the consequences. There have been various forms throughout human history where that offer was made, and given our nature in one respect I suppose, it's going to be an offer that's seconded by many of our passions right? I mean, the notion that you're going to live a hedonistic life where you can indulge to your hearts content whatever use and abuse of your body you like to make in order to achieve pleasure, this has even been equated sometimes in places with paradise itself! -- It would be kind of short lived, but there you have it. So when people come forward and say, "We'll offer you total sexual freedom, do whatever you please, and all you have to do is embrace this idea that you have the right to kill off the consequences," see, "of course nature's going to take it's course and these "inconveniences" will arise and we'll just give you permission to snuff them out, wash your hands of the whole business." That's the offer we're being made. And I guess maybe, when we're blinded as we have been to the reality of what we're doing, the notion that we are going to slay an invisible being, one that we don't see right now, who therefore has no immediate significance for us, in order to gain a pleasure of the moment that we can feel and touch, maybe it seems attractive, I don't know. Seems to be. But, on the other hand what if many of the things we hold dear as a people are going to be destroyed if we accept this offer? That at the end of the day our sexual indulgence and licentiousness is not just being purchased at the price of that innocent life in the womb that we are willing to turn our backs on and ignore. It's actually being purchased at the expense of our allegiance to the most basic principles of our national identity, the ones that give us a sense of common life and decent community together, the ones that allow us, in spite of all our differences to see in one another Americans, fellow citizens, people who we should work with and work for and comprise with if needs be, to preserve the good things of our common life. Destroy that and for the sake of a few moments of pleasure we're throwing away the very foundations of our nation. Is it worth it? But there's more.
And I think that the end result of all of this can be seen right now in the controversy that's taking place in your community. Because it's not only a death of national identity and abandonment of principle but it can become the death of human conscience itself. And what an offer that is because they've upped the antes. Instead of just a moment of pleasure in life, they shall hold out the marvel that promises that we shall be free from harmful diseases that afflict us, that we shall harness human knowledge and ingenuity and intelligence in order to unlock those secrets which will relieve the suffering of people who are subjected to diseases that are dreadful and that afflict human life. And all we have to do in order to reach for that golden apple that is out there of cures and health, all we have to do, is give up our respect for life and throw away the principle that ascribes to each life, not an instrumental, but an intrinsic worth, not determined by their usefulness for us or for our hopes and aspirations, but determined rather by the will of God, independent of us and of anything that we can desire or achieve by it. All we have to do is give that up. It again turns out to be the fundamental principle of our lives as a nation but it goes beyond that. And you'll have to excuse me if I may be more mindful of this than some people might be but I understand that once you have given up that principle, you start to look at human beings in a different way. It reminds me of some of those cartoons where Porky Pig would look over at Bugs Bunny and he'd see him all cooked up and set on the table, remember those? And what does he say, he doesn't see him as that wonderful, spirited, jocular rabbit that we all know and love, he just sees him as a good dinner, something to be used! And once it has been used, to be thrown away without regard for the intrinsic worth of that life which must be taken in order for the use to be achieved, of that respect for the wholeness and dignity of human life which must be disregarded in order for this "useful purpose" to be served. There are many consequences of looking at human beings as commodities -- one of those consequences I'm very familiar with, it's called slavery. It's the system that takes human beings and treats them as if they're commodities of labor and other sorts of things; you buy and sell people as if they were cattle on the auction block. Do you think that the folks who are today presenting to us these specious arguments about all the good things that will come from fetal tissue research understand that the logic of what they offer is the logic of the slave auction? That the logic of what they offer is a logic which looks upon a human being, not as an intrinsically worthwhile creature of God, but simply as a "thing" we can value for what we can get out of it. A thing which can be valued in terms of kind of a calculation we can make, a cost-benefit analysis. What does it cost over here? We'll be destroying our sense of the integrity and wholeness of human life -- but we can bury that cost, it doesn't matter! Because over here we're going to get all these wonderful benefits that will keep other people alive and so what if we're going to lose that sense of integrity.
Now I understand that for some people, the issue of fetal tissue research, they try to dismiss it, "Oh, we're just talking about the dead." That's not true. When my father died and was honored in Arlington National Cemetery some of the most moving moments of my life came in the midst of those ceremonies when yes, it was just his lifeless body that was there but the care we showed for it was a consequence of the respect we had for the meaning of his life. We weren't in any sense focusing on death, which I in faith believe to be in any case just a kind of illusion of our fallen condition. We were focusing instead on the meaning of his life and the care and respect that we showed for what we call his remains is part of that understanding of our consciences, of that understanding of the reverence that we ought to have for this great gift from God, lived out in its fullness.
What happens if we don't have that anymore? I think myself, as a Christian, that's why we are enjoined as one of our fundamental obligations to bury the dead, to show respect. To show respect for that which was, in our world, a temple of God's breath and that has been therefore, touched in a way we cannot fully understand by the fullness of his power in the universe. You're going to tell me that all of that's no longer true just because what we're dealing with is the seed and not the corpse? Why is this? I would think that it makes no difference. And because it makes no difference when we withdraw respect from the seed we ARE withdrawing respect from the whole. We coarsen ourselves, we toughen our consciences, we deaden that reverence and sensitivity we ought to have toward one another. And in the process therefore, by accepting this argument that offers so much hope for the cures of the diseases of the body, we in fact inflict the greatest wounds on the moral heart and spirit, wounds that can be far more painful in the end and far more devastating than all the diseases of our flesh. It's a bad bargain. But sadly, that's the bad bargain that we've already started to live with in its consequences in our society. In all these years that we have been killing off our babies in the womb we have seen increases that shock us in the levels of coarse violence and brutality and the utter disregard for human life that has now seeped more deeply into our population until we see it manifested in the youngest hearts and in the actions of people who are a little more than babes themselves, murdering and killing for the sake of THINGS that they desire, and passions that they feel they cannot control. We don't understand yet that these are just the consequences of that deadness of conscience and heart which we have produced when we countenance and tolerate the taking of that life in the womb. It's a little bit, in some ways, like lessons we learn in other respects in life. You ever notice that when you have a cold, your taste buds don't pick up the delicate flavors, in fact everything is kind of lifeless when you taste it? That's because very often, that refined sensitivity, that ability to detect even the most delicate nuances is the source of the richness of our lives. I think that's true in the moral sense. I think that's why our Savior said that if you're faithful in the little things, you can trust in the great things. Because in fact it's the little things that are the fabric of greatness. It's the little hopes that we do not dash. It's the little feelings that we care for. It's the little traces of fear that we counsel that ultimately teach the greatest courage. And I think it's also, in the end, an ability to disregard the claims of those who seem to have so little claim upon our care that produces hearts capable of the greatest evils.
So if we withdraw our reverence and respect for the seed of life, then I believe in the end that we set the stage for those evils, such as we have seen in the 20th century, that result in the greatest taking of life.
I've been saying this to some of the reporters who ask about the fetal tissue issue because, I can't help it, my little knowledge of the kinds of things that went on in places like Nazi Germany, we talk a lot about the death camps, and the terrible things that were inflicted upon Jewish folks and opponents of fascism and other folks who died at the hands of the Nazis and other great and terrible evils that have really impressed themselves on our minds. Do we realize that those great and terrible evils had their seed in the very same kind of instrumental logic that we are now being asked to accept? People who say that it's okay to practice euthanasia on the disabled, that it's okay to practice experiments on those who really aren't fully human in some sense, because of all the things we'll get out of it, all the lives we'll be able to save as a result. Sad to say my friends, that was the logic of Mengele and those people when they were doing those awful experiments on various things that they thought were going to save the lives of German soldiers. One more problem there of course. It means that they thought that some lives were worth more than others. But that's were we are isn't it? We think some lives are worth more than others. Today it's a statement that, "Well, the life of the mother and the choice of the mother and the convenience of the mother and the career of the mother and the feelings of the mother and the situation of the mother, that is what is important, we don't have to pay attention to that child in the womb," that's what we're telling ourselves. But don't we understand that once we have withdrawn that fundamental principle of moral equality, today we deny the equality of that babe in the womb, tomorrow they will deny the equality of your gray hair and your low performance and somebody else's failure to live up their standards of what is great and beautiful. It's the way it has always been and if we care about that justice which avoids the greatest atrocities then we ought to care to preserve that sense of moral equality, which does not promise that everybody is going to have the same things and enjoy the same homes and drive the same cars, it just promises that everybody is going to be treated with the same respect. And that we can do, whatever the condition. And that we ought to do, and not only here amongst ourselves but in that equation of moral purpose that puts the future in the balance against our present hopes and desires, there too.
And lately, I've been thinking hard about this because some folks try to pretend that when we speak of our great Declaration principles, we're talking about something that's kind of there like an exhortation to be good but, it doesn't have anything to do with our laws and Constitution. It's just a statement of abstract principle that if we like it, fine, if we don't, they don't matter because they're not part of our law, the Constitution, that's what they try to tell us. Now, I would like to remind you in case you didn't realize this, that that's a lie. The Declaration IS part of our law, it was made part of our law by our first Congress I believe, and they declared it to be part of the organic law of the United States and therefore to be taken into account when we are making judgments about the meaning and implication of all our other laws. That makes perfect sense. But there's also more to it than that because how we think through the obligation that we have to our future is also right there in the Constitution. But as we have done with so many things, we conveniently forget those parts of that great document we don't want to apply or don't we? I mean, I certainly know this to be true with the 2nd Amendment, nobody wants to talk about that one anymore, except me. But it's also true of other things. Because the great Preamble to the Constitution, parts of which have been used or abused by the courts down through our history to justify all kinds of things, when they're talking about implied powers and what the government can and cannot do they will invoke the purposes that are stated in that preamble, making it clear that you must construe the terms of the Constitution in such a way that those purposes can be achieved. That makes sense doesn't it? It does. Why would you declare them and then write an instrument in which you ignore their achievement? And therefore, you deal with legislation having to do with the military, knowing that it is the purpose of the Constitution to provide for the common defense, right? You deal with those issues that arise in which we are trying to promote over all the security and peace and prosperity because we are suppose to work together to promote the general welfare. These are phrases that have run down through our history, in our courts, in the reasoning of our law and they have been taken seriously because they precisely indicate what are the goals and the purposes of this frame of government under which we live. But it seems that in some ways in recent years we forgot one or at least have been unwilling to consider its implication. Because the culminating goal and purpose that is stated in that Preamble to the Constitution is to "secure the blessings of liberty," we all like that part, "to ourselves," I'm sure we're happy with that part, "AND OUR POSTERITY." That's the part we've forgotten about for all these thirty and forty years. And it seems to me, as far as I can tell, that word posterity means those who will come after us. A phrase that was often used by our founders with respect to it was: generations yet unborn. That seems pretty clear doesn't it? So when people tell you the unborn aren't mentioned in the Constitution, you tell them they lie. And not only are they mentioned, but those who aren't here yet, the folks, some of whom won't be a walkin' the streets until 2050 and others of whom will come along in 2010 and some of whom are asleep right now and won't cry out their presence for another few months, they are all of them our posterity, they are all of them the generations yet unborn. And our Constitution, our Constitution puts them on a level equal with ourselves. Do you understand this? Does anyone in America care anymore? That means that we cannot hope to preserve our liberty, we cannot hope in fact, to realize the purposes and intentions even of this type of government under which we live if we pretend that we simply have the prerogative selfishly to serve ourselves at the expense of those who are not yet born. And it means above all that there is no way, no way on God's green earth, that anyone can make us understand how it is compatible with securing the blessings of liberty to the posterity who lie sleeping and unborn in the womb when we snuff out their lives and disrespect their humanity. It is not possible. We violate our principles, those principles by which we ourselves would claim our rights, and we violate the culminating purposes and aspirations of our Constitution itself. And in the doing of these things we destroy the integrity of our national soul, of our institutions, of our way of life. Why does it surprise us when we see the consequences of that? I know there are folks who like to look at the mess we've been through in the last couple of years and pretend that it's one person's fault -- and as you all know I haven't been adverse to putting the blame on his head when I've had the opportunity -- but I always tell people that we shouldn't kid ourselves. This whole business hasn't been a reflection on this individual or that, it's been a reflection on all of us. It is the result, not of one man's weakness but of the destruction we have wrought on the conscience of this entire people. And until we are willing to confront that truthfully and to turn around our consciences and restore our allegiance to our moral and Constitutional principles, the shadow of this crisis will not pass. And for all our prosperity and all the peace and this and that, we will have to live with the gnawing sense that we hurdle over the brink of our destruction. And I hate to say it because I don't want to sound like too much of a Jeremiah but it will come. I have a deep sense that we are here in this era in a kind of calm before the next storm. I can outline chapter and verse what I believe that storm will consist in and I know what one of its instruments will be: Chinese power. We will likely face the most serious threat to our existence that we have ever faced from an adversary that wants nothing from us but our destruction; these are the hardest to face. See, the Russians wanted our approval, they wanted to be part of "the west," in spite of all the great violence done to authentic Russian culture's history and achievements. The Chinese don't, the Chinese don't want our approval, they approve of themselves. They still look upon most people in the world I deeply believe, from a culminant sense as if they are all 'Johnny-come-lately' barbarians. And they may be a little down in the material sense but we're quickly helping them to remedy that. And once that remedy is administered I think we're going to face some serious dangers. There will be a call for courage and fortitude and patience and discipline and wisdom, there will have to be a willingness to understand that material sacrifice can be needed in order to sustain moral goods. These are all things which as a people we have displayed in the course of our history. And at great crisis's of our eternal moral heart like the civil war or our external security and challenges to justice in the world we have found in the ordinary breasts of ordinary Americans an extraordinary ability to rise to the occasion. Courage that once was a proud boast only of knights and aristocrats was found in plough boys who had been plucked from their peaceful ways and clerks that had been taken from the stores and laborers that had been taken from the fields and the mines. We proved that there is no blessing of birth that is essential to human nobility but that God has given a little bit of it to each and every one of us if we are willing, through all our fears to rely upon His will. That has been the fruit of the moral heritage we have been destroying. And when the next test comes, if we do not have that heart, if we do not have that faith, if we have thrown away that heritage then believe me, we will fail. And in that failure we will cease to be what we have been in the 20th century, a light against the darkness encroaching upon man's hope once and twice and thrice in this century. It will encroach again as it has in every age and every generation. What will become of humankind when we are no longer the light against that shadow but maybe even, maybe even the body casting it.
This is the choice before us. And as you consider the issues of fetal tissue and abortion, I hope you'll keep this in mind. For this is a faithful struggle about many things. It is about whether we still have hearts that hear the cries of the voiceless, the little ones that you cannot hear with your ears because they only come in your conscience and your willingness to hear the small still voice that God can sound inside your heart. But it's also a fight for all those intangible truths and all those sources of spiritual strength that have made this nation possible, that have given us some hope of greatness. We can, we are, about to lose it all if we do not reawaken in ourselves our allegiance to the truths that have made us free. This is what is at stake. I think it is important, I think it is a great responsibility for this generation. I think we are up to the test, but only if we are willing to reassert in ourselves,in our choice and in our lives that one truth that still remains the source of all the others: There is a God and it is by His will that we can claim all hope, all justice, all liberty. If as a nation we are willing once again to go down on our knees before our Creator's will, then we shall rise up as we always have, in liberty and decency. Let us pray that it may be so. God bless you.